INTEL A Programmable Interrupt Controller. The A is a programmable interrupt controller specially designed to work with Intel microprocessor The function of the A is to manage hardware interrupts and send them . with the CPU exception which are reserved by Intel up until 0x1F. Find great deals for Vintage Intel PA Programmable Interrupt Controller a. Shop with confidence on eBay!.
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This two-chip architecture is still used and available in modern systems, and hasn’t changed except for the advent of the above-mentioned APIC architecture. Distinguishing seems only possible to me if different values can be assigned.
On the slave, this feeds IRQ 2 to the master, and the master is connected to the processor interrupt line. It then checks whether that channel is masked or not, and whether there’s an interrupt already pending.
For code examples, see below. I have not tested this last part, but that’s what the spec says. In other languages Deutsch. This was possible due to the A’s ability to cascade interrupts, that is, have them flow through one chip and into another.
About This site Joining Editing help Recent changes. Maybe that would clear things up a bit for me.
Intel – Wikipedia
So, it’s A 1 for x86 and A 0 for those inte, A-compatible processors only? Up to eight slave s may be cascaded to a master to provide up to 64 IRQs.
In my experience the most common reason is software sending an EOI at the wrong time. This line can be tied directly to one of the address lines. The main signal pins on an are as follows: For that, we need to set the master PIC’s offset to 0x20 and the slave’s to 0x The initial part wasa later A suffix version was upward compatible and usable with the or processor.
A Interrupt Controller
Various peripherals were typically not give a single address, but rather a range of addresses a block The first PIC peripheral interrupt controller, i. Contents 1 What does the PIC do? This was done despite the first 32 INTINT1F interrupt vectors being reserved by the processor for internal exceptions this was ignored for the design of the PC for some reason.
The PIC that answers looks up the “vector offset” variable stored internally and adds the input line to form the requested interrupt number. Retrieved from ” https: However, while not anymore a separate chip, the A interface is still provided by the Platform Controller Hub or Southbridge chipset on modern x86 motherboards.
This is a spurious IRQ. Also note that some operating systems e. It is unlikely that any of these single-PIC machines will be encountered these days. Yes, A1 is a real address line, but it is not part of the decode used to assert the chip select line.
The function of the A is to manage hardware interrupts and send them to the appropriate system interrupt. Alright, alright, I’m getting closer. It actually decoded only two, 0x20 and 0x Remember, I said the was allocated a block of 32 addresses from 0x20 through 0x3F.
Oh no, there’s been an error
Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. This page was last edited on 1 Februaryat The PIC chip has two interrupt status registers: Note that these functions will show bit 2 0x as on whenever any of the PIC2 bits are set, due to the chained nature of the PICs. Inntel bit A1, with a placeholder value of 2 A0 is a value of 1 is added to the address 0x20 or 0x The datasheet contains a picture of the controller and intwl connection to the system bus: Views Read View source View history.
Why A 1 for x86 then?
To read the ISR, write 0x0b. In this case, the A0 bit was used by the A. Retrieved from ” https: Email Required, but never shown. Edge and level interrupt trigger modes are supported by the A. A 0 This input signal is used in conjunction with WR and RD signals to write commands into various command registers, as well as reading the various status registers of the chip. Each imtel master and slave has a command port and a data port given in the table below.
This creates a race condition: DOS device drivers are expected to send a non-specific EOI to the s when they finish servicing their device. This allows the system to respond to devices needs without loss of time from polling the device, for instance. A common choice is to move intep to the beginning of the available range IRQs There is no port 0x Personal tools Log in.
Note that setting the mask on a higher request line will not affect a lower line. What’s the purpose of that A 0 bit and its name here? And if it is “asserted as part of the address,” then how is it “not used as a real inte address line”? There are several reasons for the interrupt to disappear.