: Hjortspring: A Pre-Roman Iron Age Warship in Context (Ships & Boats of the North): Never used!. Hjortspring. A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. Ole Crumlin-Pedersen, Athena Trakadas (Eds.) Ships and Boats of the North, Vol. 5. pages. Research Papers · PAST · Book Reviews. Links. Notes for Contributors. Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. website design by TINY v .

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The plank overlaps were caulked with a woollen thread dipped in a mixture of tallow and linseed oil. The Scottish shipbuilders especially played an important part in designing new ships that were built according to the English fashion, using a skeleton-based concept.

A team of ten experienced boatbuilders would probably have been able to build the original i in two or three months under such conditions. Large cargo vessels are expensive to build and operate, but if they are used efficiently, their large cargo capacity can be a very profitable source of income for their owners.

Click here to sign up. A similar symbolic content can be attributed to the find’s only preserved spur, and it seems reason-able to suppose that the dead person was laid in the grave with his spurs on. An archaeological and architectural study of large cargo vessels in Danish waters, Here follows the summary of: Initially, the boat was difficult to steer but with a steering oar fastened at ironn-age inner part of each of the keel-extensions, the boat came under control. The turned wooden plate has close parallels in contemporary Danish ceramics, so that all the turned wooden objects are assumed to have been produced within the Baltic area as part of the equipment of the Hjortspring army.

Most of the external expenses incurred by the project, approximately DKKor 67, Euros, were covered by local or warsnip donations. The frames were fitted into the finished hull-shell and lashed to the cleats on the strakes. Large cargo ships as indicators of specialised merchant seafaring. During the trials inmeasurements were made of the tension in the stretched rope and the twisting of the hull under navigation in calm waters without waves. It must be kept in mind that the identified large cargo vessels are only ten ships out of a total of 19 finds from a period of years.

Around BC, the horse-head prow first appears and slightly later, a bird-figure on the backwards-bent gunwale extension uron-age appears; the keel-extension curves markedly upwards forward, while there is still a dipping keel-skeg aft. The movements were documented on video but proved that the boat under these conditions can be considered as a stiff body.


Parallels in shape to the turned wooden containers are found in late Pre-Roman ceramic ware from Bornholm and Gotland, and from contemporary ceramics from around the Hamburg area. Hjortspging should this find be understood in relation to the burial site immediately alongside it, to the local area, to the island of Funen Fyn and to the rest of Southern Scandinavia and the Kattegat area as a whole in the period around ?

Hjortspring – A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context

Add a tag Cancel Be the first to add a tag for this edition. More or less at the centre and at one end, there are two rectangular nail holes of about 1 by 1. Separate different tags with a comma.

Such a date is comparable to the two 14C-dates received from additional wooden material recovered from Hjortspring in This analysis results in conclusions associated with the shell-building concept.

There has long been debate regarding the date of the find, since securely-dated diagnostic objects are not present in the find. The area between the two rows of cleats is finely carved using a tool with a blade of only 1 to 1. The reason for this ship’s journey to Roskilde in Denmark may be related to the events following William the Conqueror’s invasion of England in For both samples, it is likely that they predate the felling of the tree, and thus the construction of the boat, by 10 to 50 years, and this moves the date of the find towards the middle of the fourth century BC.

The consolidation of royal power and administration at the end of the Viking Age is represented by the specific taxation of urban property and by the enforcement of a monetary standard based on the face value of coins.

This work was to be done in close consultation with archaeologists. It has iron-ave a slow and time-consuming process to collect the data for this book which I began at quite a young age. It is not possible to establish its dimensions nor to establish if it is a wrecked or re-used hull. The Viking Irkn-age Museum is working to produce as clear and detailed a picture as possible of the development of the ship in Southern Scandinavia, from the earliest times to the Renaissance.

Finally, the evidence of pure sailing vessels can be listed together with the previously discussed indicators for specialised merchant seafaring and royal administration in Denmark from tobefore merchants from Hanseatic ports started to dominate large-scale trade. So is this a good book, worth the cover price? With a displacement of 2. The comprehensive dendrochronological analyses of timber from the ships are presented in Chapter 3. This presentation and analysis of the finds of ships and boats as well as objects related to these from Viking-Age Hedeby and Schleswig has demonstrated that this port was not only an important centre in the international trade-network of the period, as demonstrated by previous studies of the archaeological evidence, but that there was also a specialised production here of ships and boats of different standards and for different purposes.


Contfxt the boat were found the re-mains of ten rows of cleats for fastening lashings around elegantly-shaped frames, each consisting of a thwart with carved seats for two men, and an arched hazel branch held as a bent rib by vertical supports under the thwarts and a horizontal cross beam.

Hjortspring – A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context

It is estimated that the present building team might have constructed another similar boat in ca 5, man-hours, compared to the 6, hours spent on Tilia, provided the materials needed were readily at hand. The technical analysis presents a theoretical model for paddle propulsion for comparison with measurements from the trials. The old Chinese tradition for dragon-boat races, revived as a modern competitive sport with light boats manned in a similar way as the Hjortspring boat, provided a starting point for the trials.

The chapter briefly outlines the introduction of carvel shipbuilding into Denmark, and it is shown, from the historical sources, how the Kings Frederik II and Christian IV played a primary role in the introduction of carvel as a new method into naval shipbuilding, as they employed foreign shipbuilders to build the ships of the Navy, primarily following English methods.

However, the appearance of the seagoing cog in the middle of the 12th century in the dynamic, multi-ethnic area of southern Jutland makes it more likely that large cargo ships of similar construction and size also were taken into use in the emerging ports of the Southern Baltic coast at that time. The many repairs show that the ship must have been old when sunk on the site. It does not fit within the harbour installations and could therefore have sunk accidentally, or been re-used: Perhaps this was to make it easier to send to Trond- heim.