The ecology and control of cereal cyst nematode in southern Australia is reviewed. The wide distribution of Heterodera avenae in Victoria and South Australia is. A key based on cyst and juvenile characters is given for identification of 12 valid Heterodera species in the H. avenae group. A compendium providing the most. World distribution of the cereal-cyst nematode is herein reviewed. It is suggested that Heterodera avenae originated in Europe and has been widely.
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It is a major biotic constraint avenwe cereal production in north-western India and southern Australia. The bacterial parasites Pasteuria penetrans and Pasteuria sp. Lip region rounded, offset, with 4 to 6 usually 5 annules; framework heavily sclerotized with conspicuously marked outer margins. No yellow phase as the maturing cyst changes from white to dark brown Franklin, Also useful are those of second-stage juvenile characteristics including aspects of hfterodera stylet knobs, tail hyaline tail terminus, and lateral field.
They come to lie parallel to the main axis with their heads just within the endodermis. Heterodera avenaethe cereal cyst nematode or Ustinov cyst nematodeis a plant pathogen and an obligate parasite of cereal crops including barleyoatswheat and rye. Heterodera Cereal diseases Agricultural pest nematodes Animals described in Wheat The leaves of heavily infected plants are reddish-yellow with thin and narrow leaf blades.
For further details see Meagher and Brown Hemizonid distinct, 2 to 3 annules long, usually 5 to 6 annules anterior to excretory pore, but occasionally only one or 2 annules anterior. In the Australian districts of Mallee and Wimmera Victoria wheat yields are maximized by sowing in early May instead of July. Body annules distinct, averaging 1. Rotation with crucifers is also effective. Go to distribution map For further information, we recommend you visit the following resources: In temperate climates, the threshold levels for oats, wheat and barley are, respectively, 0.
In autumn-sown wheat in Australia, damage is most severe following early start of the rainy season, attributed to increased juvenile emergence and mobility Meagher, Host-Plant Resistance The use of resistant cultivars is the most promising approach for controlling H.
Spicule s arcuate, with medium-sized ventral flanges and notched end; together forming a narrow tube distally. The root system shows a characteristic elongation of the main root.
This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Three-year rotations with non-host crops such as legumes greatly reduce nematode populations and also benefit nitrogen-depleted soils. Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 17 Mayat Roots are generally not much affected; however, excessive branching has been observed.
Photomicrographs of diagnostically important morphological features complement the compendium. Esophageal glands as described for the male, not filling the body cavity. Causes yellowing of plants; much branching and some swelling of roots may occur, particularly in oats and wheat.
Cereal heads produced by stunted plants are usually small and poorly filled; for details see Williams and Siddiqi and Wilski Articles from Journal of Nematology are provided here courtesy of Society of Nematologists. Early-sown crops April-May are less severely damaged than late-sown crops June-July.
Plant parasitic nematodes – southern and western regions. Avense indistinct, 6 to 7 annules behind excretory pore. Continuing to use www. This method may not be attractive when cereals are grown exclusively for export as in Australia.
Cultural Control and Sanitary Methods Crop rotation is highly effective in bringing the population levels down. The eggs are oval and the vermiform larvae moult four times. While European populations of H.
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Zigzag, rugose cuticular surface pattern. EU pesticides database www.
For plants reported to have some level of resistance to this species, click.