Common Name: Kousso. Hagenia abyssinica. Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruits and seed. Photograph by: Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen. This study provides insight into the medicinal importance of Hagenia abyssinica as well as the degree of threat on its population. Throughout history, Hagenia abyssinica has been used as an anthelmintic in Ethiopia and other parts of Africa. Almost every Ethiopian used to.
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Stand structure and regeneration of the subalpine Hagenia abyssinica forests of Mt. The African zebrawood is one of tree species native to Cameroon threatened with extinction.
The active principles in Hagenia abyssinica flowers are phloroglucinol derivatives, called kosins: Some believe that side-effects are more severe when male flowers are used, and that male flowers have greater emetic activity. Birds Land and Estuaries Listed by binomial names and photos. This treatment has been used for centuries in Ethiopia, but its use is now in decline due to availability of reliable alternatives.
Hazards Side-effects resulting from consumption of infusions of hagenia flowers have been reported. In agricultural areas, Hagenia abyssinica can be found scattered in fields because it is not usually cut down. Pre-boring before screwing is essential.
First published in Syst. It has been suggested hagneia hagenia needs fires to regenerate, and it is true that it often occurs in even-aged stands. Hagenia anthelmintica Kunth ex A. G to L Common names with photo.
Trees are either male or female, with male flowers an orange to brown or white colour and red female flowers. At present, kosso is still locally abyssinoca and used in Ethiopia where it is on sale in almost every traditional market. Ethiopian Medical Journal It is known in English as African redwoodEast African rosewood brayeracussohageniaor koussoin Amharic as kossohagenka in Swahili as mdobore or mlozilozi.
Nga Motu Marine Reserve Society 6: In-vitro tests have shown cytotoxic effects against carcinomous cells.
Flowers are borne in large, many-flowered, hanging groups, cm long and up to 30 cm across. They can be as effective as the chemical anthelmintics dichlorophen, niclosamide and praziquantel. Petiole Petioles 12—13 cm.
Flora of Tropical East Africaed.
It has served as an anathematic in ruminants also against tapeworms in humans. However, in locations with high population and cattle pressure the species is now rare or has disappeared often cut for firewood purposes. The head of the tapeworm scolex is seldom expelled, so the worm can regrow, hence the need to repeat the treatment every 1—3 months.
Hagenia abyssinica is unable to regenerate in areas suffering from a high level of grazing. Flowers Male flowers orange-buff to white, c. Musee Royal de l’Afrique Centrale. The wood has a handsome appearance and is suitable for furniture, cabinet work, floors, veneers, tools and fences. The trees have either male or female flowers.
The dark red wood is used for furniture, flooring and carving, but is not durable. The wood is used for carving, carpentry, firewood and charcoal, and the flowers, roots and bark are used for medicinal purposes.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is also used, often in a mixture with parts of other plants, as a medicine to hagenja syphilis, scrofula, malaria, fever and cough.
Hagenia – Wikipedia
Trees are either male or female and only rarely are flowers of both sexes found on the same tree. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6: Useful Trees and Shrubs for Ethiopia: Views Read Edit View history. The underside of the leaves. Ethnomedicinal uses of Hagenia abyssinica Bruce J. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Niclosamide trade name ‘Yomesan’ is probably the best chemical medicine against tapeworm. This species grows up to 25 m in height.
It can be found growing in mixed afromontane forest with PodocarpusAfrocarpusand other trees, and in drier afromontane forests and woodlands where Hagenia is dominant, or in mixed stands of Hagenia and Juniperus procera. The tree is occasionally planted around churches and villages. Views Read View source View history.
Hagenia abyssinica is widely distributed in montane Africa and not endangered. Fungi, Mushrooms, Moulds, Slimes. Hagenia abyssinica occurs in montane rain forest and evergreen bushland, at altitudes of — — — m where annual rainfall ranges between mm.
In Ethiopia, flowering occurs during the dry season between October and February; on sunny days the flowers are much visited by bees.
Published on the Internet at http: Retrieved from ” https: Almost every Ethiopian hgaenia to drink an extraction of dried flowers once every months to expel tapeworm, which was, and to some extent still is, a common parasite in Ethiopia where raw meat, a source of infection, is a delicacy and a very popular item in the diet.