CERA DE CANDELILLA PDF

Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.

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Candelilla Wax | Candelilla Institute

Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses. In the intermediate part of the vessel, just on top of the aqueous phase, a fine layer of yellow-colored cream is formed.

Using this technique, wax from the Candelilla plant floats to the surface in the form of foam. The Candelilla plant is very resistant to plagues and diseases and candrlilla only limitedly consumed by some species of wildlife that fera in the region. The plants, scalded by the boiling process, are used as fuel for the cauldrons, once they have been put out to by sun-dried. The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long and 0.

It also finds use in cosmetic industry, as a component of lip balms and lotion bars. The refining can also include a bleaching stage, which uses hydrogen peroxide, or some other refining step for special applications. Harvesters travel by burros or by truck to the areas where the Candelilla plant is to be found in abundance. Pickup trucks are also sometimes used.

A new classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G. Bundles of kg lb of cleaned Candelilla plants free of dirt, stones, weeds, etc. The exploitation of Candelilla in its natural state for xera production of wax thus became one of the most important economic activities, in those rural regions where the Candelilla plant grows.

Altitude of the region Collection, extraction and refining processes. Each burro can typically carry from kg lb. Unfortunately, the manufacturing of Candelilla wax is still carried out using old and inefficient techniques which remain virtually unchanged since this activity first began.

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It is yellowish-brown, hard, brittle, aromatic, and opaque to translucent. It is mostly used mixed with other waxes to harden them without raising their melting point. Retrieved from ” https: It is also used for making varnish. Other sources indicate that the Candelilla plant was burned directly for illumination, serving the purpose of a candle. This is evidenced by the low yields and high costs in producing the wax.

The distances from gathering points to the collection centers can range from 25 to km 15 — miles. One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing gums.

Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax. The method used for the exploitation and distribution of the Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. In this way, about tons are produced annually. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Candelilla wax

Inthe botanist J. Even in cndelilla of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism has proven to be effective.

Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by agriculture, raising cattle and even mining.

Art materials Food additives Painting materials Waxes E-number additives. The batch of Candelilla immersed in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, at which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses with the liquid.

The solid wax is hammered and broken into pieces, which are then melted to remove the impurities such as dirt and organic materials, which are separated from the wax by sedimentation.

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In candeljlla to refine the wax it must again be broken up, melted and filtered through Fuller earth, activated carbon or some other filtration system. Candelilla formations are most abundant at elevations of around m ft and are commonly associated with growths of such plants as lechuguilla or prickly lettuce, sotol palm, Chinese grass, ocotillo and diverse cactus plants.

The Candelilla plant belongs to the Euphorbia species, the common name of an extensive family of flowered plants — similar in appearance to cacti — but which are clearly differentiated by the milky latex contained by the Euphorbia plants. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat The high hydrocarbon content distinguishes this wax from carnauba wax.

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The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.

They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and canxelilla becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In any of these vessels, the hot foam wax is separated by decanting from a brown liquor which precipitates to the bottom of the vessel and is later recycled to candeelilla removal bucket.

In the top part of the vessel, a third layer is formed which consists of a paste comprised of ashes, bubbles and solid impurities. The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out. After gathering all the plants found in the area, they load up and move to other nearby fields.

During the rainy season, the Candelilla stalks become covered with a thick sap, which then covers the stalks with wax during the dry season to prevent evaporation.

Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.

However, these plants offer lower wax yields, as well as lower melting points and a lower saponification value, compared to the wax produced from the plants of the Euphorbia species.