Coffee varieties are divided to two main varieties: Arabica and Robusta. These are Catimor. Catimor is a mix between Caturra and Timor, that was created in Portugal in These have made Variedad Colombia a popular coffee variety. Viveros de café y cacao “Molocho” · August 24, ·. Variedad “Catimor” listo para la siembra. Image may contain: plant, outdoor and nature · 14 Likes1. But in the coffee world, they’re less understood. You might Spanish Version: Geisha vs Bourbon: Un Curso Intensivo de Variedades de Café.
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Heirloom is an Ethiopian wild variety, that is an inheritor of the original coffee bushes growing in the Ethiopian forests. Varievad Novo is a mix between Bourbon and Typica. A compact plant with high yielding potential of standard quality in Central America.
Because of catimoe Robusta, the coffee is great at surviving with leaf rust. Heirloom sub-varieties include Kurume and Welicho and its flavor is pleasantly acidity and juicy. Catimor High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease.
CCI en – Variedad Castillo®: Rust Resistance, Regional Adaptability and Quality
Catuai is a hybrid of Caturra and Mundo Novo. First released inthe variety known as Colombia was also very productive, and throghout the decades it also underwent several improvements.
When the arrival of coffee rust Hemileia vastatrix threatened coffee growing in the Americas the need to develop new varieties resistant to this disease became a priority in many countries. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust. Variedad Colombia sometimes just Colombia is a hybrid of Caturra, created in Colombia. Geisha also Gesha is a high-quality variety, that is especially found in Panama.
Normally the varieties with the best flavor have a smaller yield. The release of composed varieties varieties with a seed mix consisting of several parents with different sources of resistance was made aiming for durable resistance, considering that coffee is a semi permanent crop and that in the Colombian coffee regions cultivation is often continuous.
Obtained from a cross between Caturra and Timor Hybrid varieties, the project was headed by and using line selection method in the segregating and subsequent generations for the progenies F3, F4, F5Castillo is the result of many years of hard work in search of perdurable resistance to rust and higher productivity, with a proved and preemptive resistance to the new threat of CBD.
Arabica Coffee Varieties | Caturra
In the descriptions of the coffee we have listed the processing and other available information on top of the variety of the coffee. Typically, Typicas yield is small, but the quality is extremely high. The selection process for Caturra was called mass selectionmeaning that a group of individuals are selected based on their superior performance, seed from these plants is bulked to form a new generation, and then the process is repeated.
An important note about F1 hybrids: However, not all Arabica is a specialty coffee. Contact us at ColCoffeeInsights. Its genetic composition is very similar to that of Caturra, allowing for the particular notes and cup profile that connoisseurs have come to expect from different Colombian coffee regions. Centroamericano Very high yielding with very good quality potential. It is originally from the Ethiopian village of Gesha.
The flavor is often magnificently sweet and clean. Typically, F1 hybrid parents are chosen to be genetically distant from one another; cfae distance maximizes hybrid vigor, which translates into high yields and overall vigor for example, tolerance to frostwithout losses in cup quality or disease resistance.
A Comprehensive Coffee Family Tree. F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically variefad.
Found commonly in Rwanda and Burundi. Quality-wise it is a very close match to Bourbon. Timor is very rarely the lone variety in coffees.
However, Catimor is a vaeiedad match for the environment in Indonesia and it produces pleasantly herbal flavors. Caturra led in part to the intensification of coffee cultivation through higher density planting, often in full sun, that took place in the region in the second half of the 20th century.
The resulting Tabi variety, after five generations and a lot of work, is also strong and composite. Its name derives from the Guarani word meaning “small.
Organic Coffees, Quality and There are only a handful of F1 hybrid coffee varieties in the world, most developed in the last 10 years, and only recently varierad available to farmers.
The more traditional varieties have still maintained their positions in the taste tests. It is a bit lower than Bourbon and has more branches, which makes Caturra a bit more productive. Arabica is cultivated more around the world than Robusta, because of its better flavor. It was discovered on a plantation in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil sometime between and With two new general formulations, FNC facilitates fertilization to coffee farmers August 12 Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants.
Cave a reply Click here to cancel the reply You must be logged in to post a comment. The choice of coffee variety is a major decision for a coffee farmer. Nowadays the Geisha from Panama is considered one of the best coffees in the world and has an extremely high price.
Newer Coffee processing Older Fatimor Coffee. The variety arrived into Brazil late 19 th century and quickly spread around South and Middle America. High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease. For more information on the history of the Catimor group, see T Varieties resistant to pests or diseases are, in most cases, the most economical and environmentally friendly alternatives for coffee growers in their quest for profitable and sustainable agriculture.
Control measures based on the use of fungicides are expensive, not always effective and sometimes harmful to the vqriedad, thus affecting profitability. Coffee agriculture, on the road Share 0 0 0. Women and Family, Central Thread All of the most known coffee varieties are Arabica.