Alexander of Aphrodisias was a Peripatetic philosopher and the most celebrated of the Ancient Alexander’s dedication of On Fate to Septimius Severus and Caracalla, in gratitude for his position at Athens, indicates a date between and. Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Ethical Problems R. W. Sharples (Tr.): Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ethical Problems. (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle.) Pp. Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation, and Commentary. Alexander (ed.) Alexander of Aphrodisias in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy.

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Alexander also presents, albeit in a dialectical fashion intended to lead to the defeat of the Stoic tenets, the arguments used by the Stoics in their defense of contingency, chance, and human responsibility. After an introduction outlining the earlier history of the problem, it is here presented in a new English translation with a detailed commentary; a Greek text and an updated critical apparatus.

No keywords specified fix aphroidsias. Richard Gaskin – – W. These treatises suggest that at the beginning of the third century philosophical discussions between the alexancer schools were still lively.

Classics in Arts and Humanities. The Hellenistic background also explains the fact that Alexander pays special attention to logical and physical distinctions in connection with ethical problems.

Alexander of Aphrodisias

Alexander says those who make this argument are childish or joking, and do not know what they are talking about. He defended a view of moral responsibility we would call libertarianism today. Yes, if this happens; otherwise not. New findings on seven hundred years of the ancient commentatorsLondon: On Fate and Fatalism. Sharples – – The Classical Review 36 Several original treatises also survive, and include a work On Fatein which he argues against the Stoic doctrine of necessity; and one On the Soul.

Nor indeed is walking without a aphrodisoas, [just] because it does not derive its aphrodusias from standing up.

Alexander of Aphrodisias

Will this be, or not? Philosophy of Natural Sciences. Where there is no single, clearly recognizable Aristotelian point of view on some question, he leaves the matter undecided, citing several possibilities consistent alexwnder what Aristotle says.


A full bibliography will be posted on Blackboard. He aphrdoisias that the intellect develops from an embodied intellect that is focused upon the material world to a state that eventually contains forms that are not embodied.

Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate, or How Human Beings Escape Determinism

Search Keywords Search Extended search. This would explain the lack of any attempt at elegance and the occurrence of inconsistencies or unclear transitions in Alexander. Causation and the unity of the universe.

For of what subsequent things would one say that those fruits which have rotted or dried up are the causes? Cambridge University Press, 13— History of Western Philosophy. Views Read Edit View history.

Alexander of Aphrodisias (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

This school is known as Alexandrists. Nothing is known about his background or his education, except that his teacher was Aristoteles of Mytilene, rather than the more famous Aristocles of Messene, as had been conjectured by certain scholars since the 16th. On the CosmosLeiden: Unfortunately, Alexander does not see that the role of chance is merely to generate these possibilities, creating new causal chains which can be evaluated for the best choice of action.

On Providence survives in two Arabic versions. If then [the proposition that asserts what comes to be of necessity] is not necessary, it has not at all been prevented from being true, just as ‘there will be a sea-battle tomorrow’. The intellectual level of these discussions is uneven and the titles of the treatises are sometimes misleading.

From Necessity to Fate: For, [even] if [when] stated as [something] necessary it is not true because of the addition of the necessary, if it does not become necessary by the addition of ‘of necessity’ it will still be true in the same way as [the proposition] uttered without this addition.

For if this happens there will be some motion without a cause. Alexander of Aphrodisias on Stoic Physics: Vita e pensiero universita.

But one should not suppose that it is of such a sort as this, [namely] that what is younger comes to be from what is older, as we see is the case with the coming-to-be of living creatures.


Sometimes Alexander tries to force an interpretation that does not obviously agree with the text, but he avoids stating that Aristotle contradicts himself and, with rare exceptions, that he disagrees with him. To say on the one hand, in engaging with their opponents, that these things too are causes, but retreat to the claim that it is not clear of what they are the causes as, indeed, they are often compelled to do in connection with the Providence of which they speak, too is the tactic of those who are trying to find an easy way out of their difficulties.

The inscription honours his father, also called Alexander and also a philosopher. He argues that truly free action requires that at the time one acts, it is open to one both to do and not to do what one does in fact then do. You can unsubscribe from newsletters at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in any newsletter.

Sharples – – Phronesis 27 1: Aristotle and Diodorus Cronus on the Metaphysics of the Future. There are also mere paraphrases or summaries of certain texts, collections of arguments for a certain position, and sketches of larger projects that were never worked out. For to say that there is no first cause is to do away with cause; for if the first beginning is done away with it is necessary that what follows it be done away with.

He regards universals as inseparable from particulars and as secondary to them, and stresses the unity of matter and form. How much Alexander owed to his teachers is hard to guess, for he sometimes criticizes Sosigenes and Herminus extensively.